The new year of Islam that comes every night 1 Muharram is often celebrated with various kinds of activities. Some Muslims celebrate with recitals, tabligakbar to other Islamic nuances. There is also a package with a cultural form. Every night of 1 Muharram or 1 Suro, the Javanese people usually perform rituals like tirakatan, lek-lekan-lekan to tuguran. There are even those who like solitude in sacred and sacred places such as the top of the mountain, large trees, waterfront to the tombs. In Yogyakarta the Islamic New Year is often celebrated with heirlooms. One of them bathed keris and nguras enceh. In Javanese tradition, keris washing activity is a sacred activity. There is also a famous ritual in this student town namely Tapa Bisu Mubeng Benteng. Tapa Bisu Mubeng Benteng for Yogyakarta people is a very important event held every night 1 suro. This tradition is in the vicinity of the palace of the Sultanate palace.
Although it takes place around the palace, but officially actually the party from the Palace did not perform this ritual. This activity is only done by the palace servants Keprajan and Punokawan in the Palace. While undergoing the ritual, the abdi dalem used traditional Javanese clothes of dark blue, unfinished feet and did not carry a dagger. During the course of the ritual, they offer prayers and ask for the inner and personal well-being of the welfare, family and nation. In addition, this ritual often begins with a variety of ways such as reading macapat or Javanese hymn.After that proceeded a sacred procession around the palace fortress with an odd number of counts. Activities around the palace fort which is done with silence or should not speak is called as Tapa Bisu.
The meaning of cultural tourism “Tapa Bisu”
Behind Tapa Bisu Mubeng Benteng, this tradition has so many different meanings. Mubeng Beteng can be interpreted as an expression of sense of concern and expression of gratitude atasa continuity of nation and state.
Although not speaking when this ritual takes place is a symbol of silence that becomes a form of human reflection on his Lord. Though sometimes hearing voices from spectators on the sidewalk, Tapa Bisu participants should not respond. Keeping the concentration of prayer is the main core of this tradition.
Besides the tradition of Tapa Bisu Mubeng Benteng can also be said as an effort to hold a prayer as an expression of gratitude. Apart from the myths in Java associated with the Moon of Suro, it should be recognized if introspection when the turn of the year should be required.
Traveler who have the opportunity to witness this cultural tourism will definitely feel a silence filled with spiritual nuances. Therefore do not miss this best moment while celebrating the new year of Hijriyah or one night Suro in Yogyakarta.